//MURĀQABAH: A PSYCHOLOGICAL CONCEPT

MURĀQABAH: A PSYCHOLOGICAL CONCEPT

Ananda Sevma Ardyaksa (sevma7@gmail.com)

Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

ABSTRACT

This research aims to developing psychological concept of “murāqabah” or “always feel that is got attention by Allah”. Everyday life issues seldom discuss about murāqabah. Islamic resources is the only one reference that studies about murāqabah. There are two phases in this research. First phases aiming at developing the concept of murāqabah refers to religious literatures. Second phases that based on empirical data is also aimed at developing the concept of murāqabah. Some alumni of ma‟had (Islamic school) participated in this research by responding to open ended questions. The result of data analysis in first phase and second phase will be compared. Result one, the aspects of murāqabah are to prays and to takes a focus on his duties, cognitive aspect, spirituality, self-regulation, and believing. Therefore result two, the aspects of murāqabah are “having problem” (26.58%), “emotion” (26.58%), “consciousness” (22.78%), “praying” (13.92%), and “self-regulation” (10.13%). This research concluded that there were five aspects of murāqabah: (1) having problem: loneliness and have some problem that should be solved, (2) emotion: negative emotion, positive emotion, and spirituality, (3) consciousness: cognitive, consideration, self-awareness, and alertness, (4) praying: understanding and awaring ihsan, and (5) self-regulation: learning (from experience), and daily activity.

Keywords: murāqabah, psychological concept, grounded theory

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