Aftina Nurul Husna (email@example.com)
Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
As stated in the Quran Surah Ali ‘Imran 3: 14, “Beautified for people is the love of that which they desire – of women and sons, heaped-up sums of gold and silver, fine branded horses, and cattle and tilled land. That is the enjoyment of worldly life…” Those desires are the root of materialistic life orientation which is despised in Islam. Materialistic orientation affects psychological well-being, familial and social relation, and life performances in many aspects, and indirectly damages natural environment. Materialistic life orientation is a problem that demands us to look for a solution. It raised a question about what value a Muslim has and how (s)he actualizes those values in life. This research thus aims to explore anti-materialistic values manifested in Muslim’s life attitude. Using grounded-theory method, interviews were conducted to three Muslim university students (aged 19-21 years old) in Yogyakarta. The results showed that being not materialistic is about having balanced judgement about the importance of material things as useful, but also potentially harmful; setting moderate financial sufficiency as intermediary aspiration to achieve higher life goals like self-improvement (to accomplish economic independence and self-sufficiency) and familial and social welfare (to share benefits and help those who unfortunate); controlling desire to strive and possess material things based on rational consideration; and living up a modest lifestyle. For common Muslim, anti-materialism is more related to the Islamic concept of al-wasatiyyah (moderation) rather than zuhd (asceticism).
Keywords: Anti-materialism, al-wasatiyyah, life attitude, materialism, modesty